Biosecurity and Invasion Ecology

‘Biosecurity’ is the protection afforded from the risks posed by organisms to the economy, environment and public health; through exclusion, eradication, and control. The International Union for the Conservation of Nature [IUCN] has stated that one of the major threats to native biological diversity is now acknowledged by scientists and governments to be biological invasions caused by non-native species. The impacts of non-native invasive species are immense, insidious and usually irreversible. They may be as damaging to native species and ecosystems on a global scale as the loss and degradation of habitats.

Non-native species are a species introduced by a human agency indirectly or directly, into a geographical region outside its natural range. The species has become established and self-maintaining.

Our Biosecurity Services

Enzygo offers high quality advice to the private and public sectors on the implications of non-native species, their management and control and how to plan for biosecurity. We work to BSI PAS 2010 and the IEEM Code of Practice.

Formaggia Environmental Limited offers the following specific services:-

Presence/likely-absence surveys of problematic species such as Japanese knotweed, giant hogweed, and Himalayan balsam and Injurious Weeds

Detailed site investigation/mapping

Advice on control programmes and management

Control programmes for problematic fauna

Desk studies

Clerk-of-works, supervision of contractors and audit services

Production of Biosecurity Plans

Expert witness services

Evaluation of novel methodologies and treatments

Non-native species monitoring

Training and toolbox talks

Japanese knotweed management plans

Controlled waste advice

We are BASIS qualified to give advice on pesticide and fertiliser as covered by the FEPA Act 1985 and the Control of Pesticide Regulations 1997.

Species Under the WCA 1981

Under the Wildlife and Countryside Act (as amended) 1981 there is provision that any person that releases or allows to escape into the wild any animal, which:


is of a kind which is not ordinarily resident in and is not a regular visitor to Great Britain in a wild state; or


is included in Part I of Schedule 9,

shall be guilty of an offence.

Also any person that causes to grow (which includes causing it to spread from one site to another) in the wild any plant which is included on Part II of Schedule 9; shall be guilty of an offence.

Environmental Protection Act 1990

The Act has a number of legal provisions concerning “controlled waste”, which are set out in Part II. Any Japanese knotweed/giant hogweed contaminated soil or plant material that is discarded, intended to be discarded or is required to be discarded, is likely to be classified as controlled waste.

Section 33 (1c) makes it an offence to keep, treat or dispose of controlled waste in a manner likely to case pollution of the environment or harm to human health.

Waste has to be handled responsibly and in accordance with the law at all stages between its production and final recovery or disposal. Waste must be transferred to an authorised person (a person who is either a registered carrier or exempted from registration by the Controlled Waste (Registration of Carriers and Seizure of Vehicles) Regulations 1991. A waste transfer note has to be completed and signed and must include a written description of the waste that enables the receiver of the waste to handle it in accordance with their own duty of care. The provisions concerning waste transfer notes are set out in the Environmental Protection (Duty of Care) Regulations 1991 (as amended). Failure to comply with these provisions is an offence.


Ecology Team

If you need advice our services relating to Ecological Services, click the link above to contact our Ecology Team. You can either contact us by phone or email and we will respond to you within 24 hours.

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